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Copyright

  • "Trademarks and Copyrights on the Internet" - the book by Mr.Atanas Kostov.

    Mr.Atanas Kostov - trademark attorney in Bulgaria. The book "Trademarks and Copyrights on the Internet".

     

    This unusual on prima facie and interesting book presents the problems of intellectual property and its protection on the Internet. It examines the issues and offers expert solutions to issues related to copyright, trademarks, domains, and other business identifiers that are used on the web. 

    The book reviews the legal framework and analyzes the accumulated case law both in Bulgaria and in the Court of Justice of the European Union. 

    The author of the book – Mr.Atanas Kostov, has the reputation of one of the best specialists in this modern field of law in Bulgaria. 

    Target Audience: Publishing is necessary and useful for anyone who offers and uses information on the Internet in one way or another. It will be a good consultant and assistant to practitioners, intellectual property representatives, IT specialists, businessmen, artists and creative associations, lecturers and students. 

  • “Copyright Hypothesis" - book by Mr.Atanas Kostov

     

     

    Mr.Atanas Kostov - copyright attorney in Bulgaria. The book “Copyright Hypothesis".

     

    The book “Copyright Hypothesis" is the fruit of my synthesized ten-year experience as an intellectual property lawyer. The writing of every material in it is inspired by my work on a specific case, commenting on the legal basis and relevant case law. It is important to note that the purpose of writing the book is to be practical rather than to claim theoretical exhaustiveness. So I have selected and focused on this part of the texts of the Copyright and Related Rights Act, which are robbing, interesting and directly affecting the creative industries in Bulgaria. The bulk of the material in the book is a synthesis of theory and practice in the form of court decisions, which is systematically located for convenience at the end of each exhibition. How much current case law is adequate, internally uncontroversial and compliant with the legal framework, I have left to judge the reader myself, as the conclusions are obvious.

     I think that for this reason, the writing here will be useful not only for legal practitioners, but especially for the authors themselves - artists in the broad sense of the word, as well as architects, photographers, artists, designers, computer specialists and other professions, related to culture and science. Long contact with copyright issues of creative people has made me realize that they still do not have the courage, determination and legal culture to assert their rights to creators adequately. The reasons for this are of a different nature. Firstly, perhaps Bulgarian education does not offer these specialists the necessary knowledge and useful experience in the field of copyright and artistic management, which is particularly important in the context of a market society. Hence the lack of knowledge of the authors about the ways to protect their intellectual work, as well as the motivation to consult and seek specialized legal assistance in this field. Naturally, the well-developed jurisprudence of the courts and the prosecutor's office and, in my opinion, the little fuzzy criterion on the procedure and practical means of engaging and activating the administrative responsibility for copyright violations, a priority of the Ministry of culture. All this leads to a lack of trust in our society as to whether the protection of copyright in Bulgaria is real and working. Increasingly, in the public domain, there are data about successful measures in the field of copyright, but they concern mainly copyright and related rights of foreign authors and companies. The big question is is there a real protection for the rights of Bulgarian authors and what part of the case law shows a positive trend in this direction? 

  • Copyright protection on Internet sites.

    Copyright protection on Internet sites. Copyright attorney in Bulgaria.

     

    A hot topic which concerns a lot of online businesses is copying (retrieving or stealing) website content - its texts, graphics, designs, photos and commercial concepts. The trend on a global and national level indicates that within a few years, any good, including author's works - books, musical works, architectural projects, computer programs, etc. will be offered predominantly online. This fact calls for increased attention paid to the adequate copyright protection of the content of the Internet sites as well as to the formulation of the clearer general terms and conditions for their use in order to avoid unscrupulous practices carried out by third parties.

    This statement will address the main guidelines that should be marked as a means of protection and prevention against the illegal "copying or theft" that is done with respect to the content or functionality of the Internet sites.

  • COPYRIGHT.

    Copyright protection in Bulgaria. Copyright attorney in Bulgaria.

     

    IUSAUTHOR is among the few law firms specialising in the area of protection of copyright. Our services cover copyright counselling and database rights, development of IP strategy, negotiation and drafting of copyright license agreements and other copyright-related agreements, as well as legal representation before courts with regard to copyright infringement and other copyright-related disputes. 

    The founding partner of IUSAUTHOR, Mr Atanas Kostov, attorney-at-law, has been specialising in copyright and IP law for more than 20years now. He has a profound knowledge of the national and international legal framework and case law applicable to copyright and IP law. As a leading copyright expert in Bulgaria he has been invited to take part in the Advisory Council on Intellectual Property at the Ministry of Culture, as well as in the Working Group at the Legislative Committee with regard to the latest amendments of the Copyright Act. Mr Kostov is an author of several books on copyright and IP law and more than 80 articles in that area. He is often invited to speak at seminars and give lectures on various copyright issues.

    Mr Kostov’s clientele consists of both corporate clients and authors who seek counselling on matters concerning the copyright industries. Mr Kostov has developed extensive experience as a counsel in copyright disputes. He has represented clients in almost all of the few copyright disputes brought before the Bulgarian courts. Currently Mr Kostov is specialising in regulation of digital copyright and regulation of digital culture, in particular regulation of online media (e.g. radio, newspapers, sport websites, TV, etc.) and online-based businesses, such as presentation and commercial websites, online libraries, etc.. He consults companies with leading market share in those industries on various matters concerning copyright infringement and regulation of digital copyright.

     

    For the past couple of years Mr Kostov has been working in close collaboration with the U.S. Copyright Office with regard to registering original works of authorship in the USA. This copyright registration regime covers all 165 member states to the Berne Convention, including Bulgaria and most of the EU member states, as the original works of authorship are also registered in the US Library of Congress. In contrast to the European copyright regime according to which the copyright arises automatically at the time of the creation of the work and its materialisation in a way that allows the idea to be communicated to others, hence there is no need for registering the copyright, the American regime requires registration of copyright. U.S. Copyright Office carries out the registration of copyright by means of a specific administrative registration procedure.

    IUSAUTHOR’s services cover this type of copyright protection. The latter is a useful means of establishing the author’s copyright worldwide given the number of states members to the Berne Convention. In Bulgaria most of the authors that opt for this type of copyright protection are authors of software, literary works, works of visual arts (e.g. design) and architecture.

  • Copyrights on Facebook - theoretical and practical problems and solutions.

    Copyrights on Facebook. Copyright attorney in Bulgaria.

     

    The social network Facebook became a social phenomenon that accumulates much of the contemporary social, business, and cultural life of the world. Background information indicates that the site was created by Mark Elliot Zuckerberg, described as a genius programmer while still a teenager, and creator of projects like "Zucknet" (a primitive version of AOL instant messenger), a media player, called "Synapse Media player" (in which Microsoft showed interest), the program "Course Match", which helps students to choose courses, and the so-called "first Facebook"- the site Facemash. This internet site allowed users to compare pictures of classmates and select the one that is "coolest.” Facemash worked just one weekend because of huge site traffic overloads caused an interruption of internet service at Harvard (where Zuckerberg was a student at the time). Post factum Zuckerberg was criticized for this by the student newspaper, as well as classmates, because he used their photos without proper authorization. Given these negatives, Mark Zuckerberg started programming Facebook which was launched on the Internet from his room at Harvard on Feb. 4, 2004. At present, this internet site is owned by Facebook Inc., based in Silicon Valley, California, USA. On 21 July 2010, the youngest billionaire in the USA - Mark Zuckerberg (6.9 billion dollars personal assets) officially reported that the site has reached 500 million users worldwide. An interesting fact is that in 2010, Steven Levy - author of the book "Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution", said that Zuckerberg described himself as a "hacker.” Therefore, at present, Facebook Inc., holds contests called "hackathons" every two months. The goal is for participants to program, present, and complete a software project in a single night. Facebook provides music, food, and beer, and the event is usually attended by participants of the Facebook site, including Zuckerberg. Some people say that Zuckerberg used these hackatons to recruit employees for his company in the beginning, and even today.

  • The book "Copyright in Architecture".

     

    The book "Copyright in Architecture" - authors Mr.Atanas Kostov  - copyright attorney and Mr.Jordan Pangev - attorney at law.

     

    The Copyright and Related Rights Act addresses the most important issues concerning the rights of design architects. The enforcement of these legal norms has accumulated many inconsistencies and disputes that cause problems in the actual protection of copyright holders of architectural projects and works of architecture, and create ambiguities in the relationship between investors and authors - architects and civil engineers. And this circumstance does not correspond to the prevailing logic in Bulgarian copyright law.

    The book offers an in-depth comparative legal analysis between Bulgarian law, the European and Anglo-Saxon legal systems. On this basis, the problems are defined and solutions are formulated both for action under the existing legal framework and for its correction. Model contracts have been developed that reflect models for resolving contractual relationships between authors of architectural works and their users. Thus, the publication will help to unify the practice and take appropriate legal action on the settlement of architectural rights - adequate to the current legal framework in Bulgaria.

    Authors:
    Mr.Atanas Kostov - lawyer, one of the leading copyright specialists in Bulgaria
    Mr.Yordan Pangev - lawyer, intellectual property expert